Compost is used in order to maintain the fertility of the soil and allows for the reduction mineral fertilisers (generally synthetic and derived from crude oil, and therefore from non-renewable resources), and simultaneously reduces the amount of organic waste in less environmentally friendly treatment operations such as landfilling or incineration.The compost, or better the organic matter and the nutrients it contains, in addition to preserving fertility in the long run, contributes to a considerable soil improvement, increasing the soil's ability to absorb and release water, and to retain nutrients in a form that can be easily assimilated by the plant.

It also it provides microbiological activity which is useful to the integral fertility of agricultural soils.As with all organic matter brought into the soil, compost tends to increase fertility as a whole and does not have just one positive function, but many different ones that are all useful for the land, both for the life of plants and for the microbial activity that "closes the cycles of nature."

From an agronomic point of view, the use of a quality compost, being very rich in organic matter, is similar to the use of manure. However, thanks to its greater concentration of dry matter, it is possible to distribute volumes of compost that are significantly lower than those of manure, in order to obtain a similar amount of organic matter while providing higher amounts of total nitrogen and phosphorus.

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